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Teaching clinical neurology to undergraduates and postgraduates.
 

Explore this wiki...for neurology learning material.....browse through the various topics,references and links below.

Move your cursor to the contents page or the links throughout the page and you will see a list of articles and resources contributed by fellow neurology-learners.

Feel free to add or edit the material. Please note that all multimedia audio are accompanied by video/slide-show to facilitate learning.(Download before playing them)

Much of the electronic material and notes are hosted at a dropbox, which can be accessed in relevant sub-sections or directly at the contents section:

DROPBOX HACKED!---I HAVE FIXED MOST OF THE BUGS. PLEASE EMAIL ME WITH DETAILS OF YOUR DIFFICULTIES SO I CAN WORK ON THESE AREAS.

Dr Uma

https://www.dropbox.com/preview/Public

email:umapathi@nni.com.sg

password: learnneurology

note: If "the folder '/Public' is deleted" or "Error (403)" appears, you may do the following to troubleshoot - go to chrome settings --> advanced --> clear browsing data --> clear cookies and other site data. Reclick the link above and the log in using the email and password

Please download the podcast onto your smart phone or ipod for optimal performance. Based on our efforts running through the multimedia on multiple platforms, we have some recommendation to ensure your smooth interactive learning. Ensure that you are using at least Windows XP/Mac OS X while on the computer. Browser platforms that enabled smooth streaming of .m4a (podcast) and .mov (quicktime) multimedia format are Google Chrome v. 36.0 / Firefox 31.0 / Safari 5. Sadly Internet Explorer 8 loses out in this aspect. Should you need to download the videos and watch them offline, Window Media Player 2009 v. 12 / Quicktime 7 would work just fine. .m4v (mobile) format are compatible with Android / iOS (iphone) phone so you can simply watch on the go. If there are other problems that you face while accessing the multimedia, feel free to let us know at umapathi@nni.com.sg, subject heading "onewikia multimedia access".

If you want to contribute a new article, click on the link, "contribute" found on the top-right corner of this page.

Enjoy, and welcome again to, the "ONE-Wiki to rule them all"!

DROPBOX HACKED!---I HAVE FIXED MOST OF THE BUGS. PLEASE EMAIL ME WITH DETAILS OF YOUR DIFFICULTIES SO I CAN WORK ON THESE AREAS.

Dr Uma

  1. Approach to weakness
  2. Neurological localization
  3. Prof SC Loong's Tuesday tutorials
  4. Movement disorders
  5. Dementia
  6. Approach to dysphasia.
  7. Approach to dizziness
  8. Approach to headache
  9. Seizures & Epilepsy
  10. Neuromuscular diseases
  11. Stroke
  12. Neurology for MRCP PACES-also useful for other Neurology exams!
  13. Neuro-ophthalmology
  14. Approach to patient with acute altered mental state

Approach to weaknessEdit

You can download a 4-minute podcast on how to approach a weak patient, "Approach to weakness(quicktime version)" at:

"Approach to weakness & numbness-handout.pdf: Approach to weakness" and "Approach to Wasted hand and Foot-drop handouts":

For the advanced neurology trainees there is ...: Electrodiagnostic approach to weakness and numbness

A short podcast on "Approach to cranial neuropathy" (download before playing it)

A short podcast on "Approach to falls'"(download before playing it)

DROPBOX HACKED!---I HAVE FIXED MOST OF THE BUGS. PLEASE EMAIL ME WITH DETAILS OF YOUR DIFFICULTIES SO I CAN WORK ON THESE AREAS.

Dr Uma

Neurological localizationEdit

Download this short precis by Dr Kevin Tan: Precis of Neurological Localisation

Here's Dr Jasmyn Angon's template for neurological examination: Neuro exam template

Podcasts on neurological localization can be listen to at Part and  Part II, or accessed directly at

Common neurology cases:common neurology cases

Prof SC Loong's Tuesday tutorialsEdit

DROPBOX HACKED!---I HAVE FIXED MOST OF THE BUGS. PLEASE EMAIL ME WITH DETAILS OF YOUR DIFFICULTIES SO I CAN WORK ON THESE AREAS.

Dr Uma

"Prof SC Loong's Tutorials" :Prof Loong's tutorials

Movement disordersEdit

A short podcast on

Approach to Parkinsonism

Approach to falls

An approach to involuntary movements

VGKC vs CJD

Dementia

Summary of a paper on FTD diagnostic criteria - by Dr Ng Kok Pin

Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome -by Yeo Tianrong

Approach to dysphasia.

A short podcast on Approach to dysphasia

Approach to dizziness

Download a short podcast (play-able on smart phones or PC/MAC) on vertigo and dizziness at:

Notes:Approach to dizziness

NEW! Brief precis on dizziness

NEW! Dr Newman-Tocker et al's review on bedside diagnosis of Acute Vestibular Syndrome: HINTS

Video of Dix Hall Pike Test to diagnose BPPV :Dix Hall Pike

Video of Epley manoeuver to treat BPPV:Epley

Approach to headacheEdit

To download a short podcast on "Approach to patient with headache" (play-able on smart phones or PC/MAC) :

Then go to website of the International Headache Society:

IHS-classification

Seizures & Epilepsy Edit

'DDROPBOX HACKED!---I HAVE FIXED MOST OF THE BUGS. PLEASE EMAIL ME WITH DETAILS OF YOUR DIFFICULTIES SO I CAN WORK ON THESE AREAS.'

Dr Uma

1. Syncope or seizure? Loss of consciousness, or syncope, is a common presenting complaint to both primary care and hospitalist doctors. It is not uncommon for patients with syncope to have brief, transient jerking of the limbs, and this is known as convulsive syncope.This can be very alarming to the patient & his/her family, and is often mistaken for seizures by patients and physicians. It is a frequent source of referrals to the Epilepsy Clinic. a) Here's a short 1-page guide on how to tackle the problem of syncope, from the BMJ's excellent "10-minute Consult' series (most of which is free, via PubMed Central)

Alternatively, if you want a more detailed paper, here's a good review. It covers the approach to syncope, and provides clinical pointers as well as a scoring system (from Sheldon et al) that help you to differentiate between seizures and syncope. Very useful in a busy clinic.

Seizure. So you've taken the history, examined the patient and you think the patient truly did have a seizure, and not syncope? Check out the 2007 AAN guidelines on how approach a patient with his/her 1st seizure. Here's the full paper .

Epilepsy. After more evaluation, you've decided that the patient not only had a seizure, but actually has epilepsy.

a) Here's a thorough (though somewhat long) reviewfrom Lancet, 2006, by John Duncan on management of epilepsy in adults. Recommended for AST trainees.

b) But if you'd really prefer the Cliff Notes version, here's a 2-page Bluffer's Guide to Epilepsy :) It's all that you really need to know as a undergrad.

c) alternatively, if you prefer videos on YouTube, here's a pretty good 80 min lecture by Prof Dan Lowenstein covering most aspects of epilepsy. If you have a patient who wants to know more, there are many websites available for the public. Two good websites are: epilepsy.com (US) and epilepsy.org.uk; we also have our local Singapore Epilepsy Foundation.

2. Please check out Dr Chua Hoe Chin's 5 minute take on status epilepticus. There is also a iphone/ipod version for those on the go!

3. And there is A/Prof Loh Ngai Kun's 2 part mini-tutorial on "Approach to First Fit"  and "Approach to Recurrent Fits"

There is a iphone/MAC Approach to first fit (iphone)" and "Approach to recurrent fits (iphone)".

4. ILAE's online manual for diagnosis and classification of seizures and epilepsies.

Anticonvulsants-mode of action, by Dr Jasmyn Angon

A 2-minute brief review of autoimmune epilepsy, by Dr Chiew Hui Jin

Auditory seizures, by Dr Yeo Tianrong

Heterotropia, by Dr Chiew Hui Jun

Neuromuscular diseasesEdit

Check out the Washington U's very useful website on Neuromuscular disease: Wash U NM website

Download Dr Mavis Ang's comprehensive notes on Motor Neurone Disease

Immunosuppressive treatment in CIDP-see PDF: CIDP immunosuppressive Rx-

Precautions to take before and during the use of corticosteroids and other immunosuppressives

NEW: Peripheral Nerve Biopsy: Approach

Medical student tutorial-Guillain Barre syndrome: Tutorial-topic: GBS

NM symposium 2016 notes "FINE" NM symposium notes

Stroke Edit

Practical Summary of the 2014 Amercan Stroke Guidelines-by Dr Tu Tian Ming

For information on ongoing/completed Stroke Trials , and review of Stroke Syndromes.

For basics...see....

Approach to stroke

Tutorial-stroke

Stroke Management


Dr Jasmyn Angon has prepared a comprehensive presentation on infective endocarditis and stroke:IE

Dr Jasmyn Angon's quick take on Thalamic infarctions

Stroke and hearing loss

A case of CVT in a mountaineer

CADASIL by Dr Yeo Tianrong

Intracerebral bleeds on MR by Dr Yeo Tianrong

Neurology for MRCP PACES-also useful for other Neurology exams!Edit

DROPBOX HACKED!---I HAVE FIXED MOST OF THE BUGS. PLEASE EMAIL ME WITH DETAILS OF YOUR DIFFICULTIES SO I CAN WORK ON THESE AREAS.

A series of podcast on common neurology cases encountered in PACES exam has been made and uploaded:

Neurology Cases for exam - With Revision Notes , "Neurology cases for exam" and "Neurology PACES-more tips" are also available at the same site.

The MRCP PACES has a new Station 5, introduced in late 2009. This new Station can be quite stressful to tackle, but here are some helpful pointers from Dr Tu Tian Ming on how to approach this tricky station.

Neuro-ophthalmologyEdit

Dr Uma's Lecture Slides , notes and QUIZ (with answers) on eye movements, go to:

Treasure trove of slides and videos:Utah (choose a particular collection to view, eg. Shirley Wray)

Imaging optic neuritis in NMO- by Dr Shermyn Neo

Approach to visual loss
  • Approach to patient with acute altered mental state.

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